Science Grade 1

Forces and Motion


Description: The students in this unit will use their inquiry skills to explore pushing, pulling, and gravity. They will also explore the different variables which affect the movement of objects, including weight, shape, surface resistance, and gravity. They will also explore how gravity aids in the movement of objects down a slope.  

Standards Aligned With This Unit


CT State Science Standards:

Content Standard:

Expected Performances:


Grade Level Expectations (1st Grade): 

Science Integration:

Science Inquiry: Students in this unit will be experimenting with a variety of different materials to see the ways they move in response to force. They will be recording what they see and then organizing their data. They will also be making predictions and then using what they know to create models.

Science Literacy: In this unit students will read fiction and non-fiction texts related to the unit. They should be encouraged to identify the main idea (A1 Literacy Standard) of the text, and to make connections (C1 Literacy Standard) with what they have learned about in class and other texts. The teacher can also question the students about why the author included specific sections in the book (B2 Literacy Standard).

Science Numeracy: The students will be using math skills such as examine attributes of objects and describing the relationships (CT Math Standard1.1), describing, naming and interpreting direction and position of objects (CT Math Standard 3.2), collecting, organizing, recording and describing data (CT Math Standard 4.1), organizing data in tables and graphs and making comparisons of the data (CT Math Standard 4.2), and  determining the likelihood of certain events through simple experiments and observations of games (CT Math Standard 4.3).



Unwrapped Conceptual Ideas:


Unwrapped Major Skills:


Common Misconceptions:



Instructional Strategies That Work:

Letting students lead the discussion with the teacher acting as a guide, allowing students to experiment and then demonstrate their findings, providing students with a variety of materials to experiment with, allowing students to work together cooperatively, encouraging students to record data and use math skills to quantify data.


Vocabulary Words:

Push, pull, force, data, organize, Venn diagram, weight, shape, round, edge, surface, balanced, unequal, movement, gravity, earth, slope, flat


Connections to Literature:

Real Science 4 Kids, Rebecca Keller

Eyewitness: Force and Motion, Peter Lafferty

Motion, Darlene Stille

Experiments with Motion, Salvatore Tocci

Move It! Motion Forces And You, Adrienne Mason










Overview of Lessons:


Lesson One: What is Pushing and Pulling

Lesson Two: What do we Push and Pull

Lesson Three: Organizing our Data

Lesson Four: Moving our Bodies

Lesson Five: Weight, Force, and Movement

Lesson Six: Shape, Force, and Movement

Lesson Seven: Surface, Force, and Movement

Lesson Eight: Balanced and Unbalanced Forces

Lesson Nine: Introduction to Gravity

Lesson Ten: Gravity and Slopes


Culminating Activity:  Students will create a motion station. In this setup and object of their choice moves the farthest with the least amount of force. This demonstrates their awareness of how shape, weight, surface, and gravity affect motion.