Second Grade/Science




In this unit, “Nutrition”, students will learn that in order for people to survive nutritional needs must be met.  Students will also learn that these nutritional needs can come from plants or animals, and these nutritional needs come in the form of carbohydrates, proteins, and fat.




2.4    Human beings, like all other living things, have special nutritional needs for survival.


GRADE-LEVEL CONCEPT 1: u The essential components of balanced nutrition can be obtained from plant and animal sources.


  1. People need to eat a variety of foods to get the energy and nutrients they need to grow, move and stay healthy.  Foods are classified as grains, fruits, vegetables, dairy, meats and beans, and oils. 
  2. Some foods people eat come from plants that grow wild or are planted by farmers as crops. A fruit is the ripened ovary of a flower; vegetables are the roots, stems, leaves or flowers of plants.   
  3. Some foods people eat come from animals that are wild or are raised on ranches.  Meat, fish, dairy products and eggs all come from animals.  
  4. The types of crops that can grow in an area depend on the climate and soil.  Some foods are grown and sold by local farms, and some foods are grown far away and transported to local grocery stores.





GRADE-LEVEL CONCEPT 2: u People eat different foods in order to satisfy nutritional needs for carbohydrates, proteins and fats.


1.     All people need the same basic nutrients to grow, move and stay healthy; different cultures satisfy these needs by consuming different foods.

2.     The level of energy and nutrients individuals need depends on their age, gender and how active they are. 

3.     Most foods contain a combination of nutrients. Labels on food packages describe the nutrients contained in the food and how much energy the food provides (calories).

4.     Breads, cereals, rice and pasta are sources of carbohydrates, which provide energy.

5.     Meat, poultry, fish, beans, eggs and nuts are sources of protein, which keeps the body working properly.

6.     Fruits and vegetables are sources of vitamins and minerals, which keep the body healthy.

7.     Nuts, meats and fish are sources of fats and oils, which provide energy.


KEY SCIENCE VOCABULARY:  nutrient, crop, grain, carbohydrate, protein, dairy,  fats, oils, energy



CONCEPTS:  Need to know about…


  1. The essential components of balanced nutrition can be obtained from plant and animal sources.
  2. People eat different foods in order to satisfy nutritional needs for carbohydrates, proteins and fats.


SKILLS:  Be able to do:






Fats, in fact, are nutrients that help provide energy to the body as well as help the body to store vitamins.  It is important to not that unsaturated fats are healthier than saturated fats.

If you eat a healthy diet you should not need to take vitamins; all the vitamins should be in the foods you eat.



BIG IDEA:  People have special nutritional needs in order to survive.  They can meet these needs by following a healthy diet rich in protein, carbohydrates, dairy, grains, and fats.  By using the Food Pyramid as a guide we can be sure that we are getting the correct amount of nutrients to keep us healthy.





What are the nutrients people need in order to survive and stay healthy?









TOPICS or CONTEXT:  (What you will use to teach concepts and skills – particular unit, lessons, activities)


Lesson 1:  Preassessment



Lesson 2:  Where does food come from?



Lesson 3:  Exploring the Food Pyramid



Lesson 4:  Sorting foods



Lesson 5:  Eat Your Fruit and Veggies!



Lesson 6:  Controlling Your Portions



Lesson 7:   Get the Facts on Protein, Carbohydrates & Fats



Lesson 8:  “Moving More” Game:  Incorporating physical activity



Lesson 9:  Designing Food Pyramid


Lesson 10:  Foods Around the World



Lesson 11:  International Day


Lesson 12:  Post-Assessment


Lesson 13:  Culminating Activity

Students prepare full day’s meal plan including recommended daily foods for their body

Literature Connections:


Gregory the Terrible Eater by Mitchell Sharmat


Walter the Lazy Mouse  by Marjorie Flack


Eating the Alphabet:  Fruits and Vegetables from A to Z by Lois Ehlert


Pancakes for Breakfast by Tomie dePaola


The Race Against Junk Food by Anthony Buono, Roy Nemerson & Brian Silberman


How to Teach Nutrition to Kids by Connie Evers


Five Kids and a Monkey Solve the Great Cupcake Caper:  A Learning Adventure About Nutrition and Exercise by Nina Riccio


The Monster Health Book:  A Guide to Eating Healthy, Being Active, and Feeling Great for Monsters and Kids by Edward Miller



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