Scope and Sequence:

 

 
          SCIENCE

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY DRAFT

Links: NHPS Science Overview

 

 

 

QuarterOne

QuarterTwo

QuarterThree

QuarterFour

Unit Titles

 

 

CELL STRUCTURE

 

MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

NERVOUS SYSTEM

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

SKIN, METABOLISM, AND EXCRETION

ENDOCRINE CONTROL

REPRODUCTION

IMMUNOLOGY

Learning Outcomes

主efine anatomy and physiology.

主emonstrate the ability to seek and find relevant information about careers in anatomy and physiology.

主emonstrate competency using tools of measurement, microscopes, and computers.

主emonstrate proficiency in presenting results using measurable data, technology and mathematics.

兄how complete familiarity with and observation of established safety practices.

付dentify the hierarchical levels of organization of life dealt with in the study of anatomy and physiology, including molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and organisms.

付dentify and explain cell structures and functions.

乍xplain physical processes that occur during molecular movement.

主escribe the different metabolic processes for organisms.

主istinguish between mitosis and meiosis.

丘lassify primary tissues based on their physical characteristics.

冊se the correct directional and anatomic position terms to label an organism by diagram and dissection.

冊se compound and dissecting microscopes in the examination of prepared and wet mount slides.

付dentify the various structures of bone tissue and describe the functions of bone tissue.

丘lassify body joints or articulations according to their permitted degree of movement, including gliding, condyloid, saddle, pivot, hinge, and ball-and-socket joints.

主escribe common sports injuries to bones and joints.

他abel the bones of the human skeleton on a diagram.

冊se medical reference sources to research the origins, pathogenesis, and symptoms of a selected skeletal disorder.

付dentify major muscles of the human body, and describe the functions of these muscles.

主escribe muscular contraction in terms of muscle structure and chemical reactions.

充esearch an issue relating to careers in the study of the musculoskeletal system, and present research results in oral and written form.

 

付dentify the structures and functions of nerve cells.

主escribe the structures and features of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system (somatic and autonomic).

主istinguish the different types of neurons.

主escribe the structures and functions of the outer, middle and inner ear.

主escribe the main structures and functions of the eye.

主iscuss techniques to improve reflex/reaction/response times.

充esearch and discuss various eye disorders.

代ame and describe the action of enzymes in the human mouth.

冊se a diagram to  locate the positions of the salivary glands.

冊se sample mammalian skulls to determine dental formulas, and state the functions of teeth (incisors, canines, premolars, and molars).

主istinguish between the pharynx and the esophagus in terms of their positions, structures, and functions.

主escribe the structure of the stomach and its role in processing food.

付dentify the three main regions of the small intestine and state their biological function.

Describe the appearance, the functions, and the products of the pancreas, liver, and gall bladder.

Describe the structure and function of the large intestine.

主istinguish among various digestive disorders and diseases by their causes, symptoms, and recommended treatments.

主escribe the metabolic processes involved in the digestion of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.

 

 

代ame and describe the action of enzymes in the human mouth.

冊se a diagram to  locate the positions of the salivary glands.

冊se sample mammalian skulls to determine dental formulas, and state the functions of teeth (incisors, canines, premolars, and molars).

主istinguish between the pharynx and the esophagus in terms of their positions, structures, and functions.

主escribe the structure of the stomach and its role in processing food.

付dentify the three main regions of the small intestine and state their biological function.

主escribe the appearance, the functions, and the products of the pancreas, liver, and gall bladder.

主escribe the structure and function of the large intestine.

主istinguish among various digestive disorders and diseases by their causes, symptoms, and recommended treatments.

主escribe the metabolic processes involved in the digestion of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.

 

主escribe the structures and functions of nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, the lungs, their bronchi and alveoli.

兄ummarize the process of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange in the lungs and in the tissues.

主emonstrate the actions of inhaling and exhaling air, the movement of the diaphragm and ribs, and explain the function of pressure in the movement of air into and out of the lungs and air passages.

主escribe the physiological effects of: (a) hyperventilation; (b) surfacing too quickly from a deep-sea dive; and (c ) sport-related difficulties.

主escribe a variety of respiratory disorders and diseases according to causes, symptoms, and recommended treatments.

 

主escribe the fluid and cellular composition of blood and the functions of the various components of blood.

付dentify and describe the antigens and antibodies associated with each ABO blood type and explain why blood types must be carefully matched in transfusion therapy.

付dentify the role of Rh factor in blood compatibility.

主escribe the characteristics of blood vessels of the pulmonary and systemic circuits.

主escribe the changes undergone by the circulatory system during the lifespan of a person.

主iscuss 偤thlete掇 heart.

主istinguish among various circulatory disorders and diseases based on their causes, symptoms, and recommended treatments.

 

主escribe the structure and function of the skin.

主iscuss the role of the skin in maintaining body temperature and as a sense receptor.

兄tate the differences between signs and symptoms of first, second, and third degree burns and discuss their recommended treatments.

主escribe the structures of the excretory system and state their functions.

付dentify the principal metabolic waste products of the human body and the organs responsible for the excretory process.

主escribe the microscopic units of the kidneys known as nephrons by identifying their renal corpuscle and renal tubule makeup.

主escribe the process of urine formation and identify the chemical composition of urine.

主istinguish among various diseases and disorders of the excretory system based on their causes, symptoms, and recommended treatments.

主escribe a range of homeostatic balances that maintain the life of an organism, including such vital signs as body temperature, blood pressure, nutrient and ionic balance, and body weight.

主escribe dehydration, water intoxication, and edema and relate to fluid and electrolyte imbalance.

 

付dentify and describe the functions of major hormones of the body.

付dentify the principal endocrine glands and locate them on a diagram of the human body.

主escribe how endocrine glands are regulated by feedback mechanisms

主istinguish among various endocrine disorders and diseases according to their causes, symptoms, and recommended treatments.

冊se written materials and sources to discuss the use and effects of steroids in medicine and in athletics.

 

付dentify and label a diagram of the structures of the male and female reproductive systems, and discuss the functions of reproductive structures.

主escribe the process of egg fertilization.

丘haracterize the various phases of the female menstrual cycle, and summarize the interaction of hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle.

令utline the basic aspects of Mendelian genetics including segregation and independent assortment, development of reproductive cells, the passing of traits from generation to generation, and the significance of variation to a species.

主istinguish among a variety of genetic disorders according to their causes, symptoms, and recommended treatments, if any.

 

付dentify structures of the lymphatic system on the human body, and describe their functions.

付dentify and describe several nonspecific defense mechanisms

主istinguish between antigens and antibodies.

主escribe how T cells and B cells participate in the processes of cell-mediated and antibody-mediated immunity.

丘ontrast the processes of active and passive immunity and provide examples of each.

主istinguish among a variety of immunological disorders and diseases according to their causes, symptoms, and recommended treatments.

Significant Task

 

Presentation of selected careers ,

Patient simulations Learning Module

Debate traditional orthopedic medicine versus chiropractic medicine,

Interpretation of x-rays of a variety of skeletal conditions and injuries.

Dissection of sheep eye, sensory stimuli

Study of food products

Report on smoking,

Breathing/ Lung Lab

Electrocardiogram results, Sheep heart dissection.,

First Aid, Kidney Dissection

Diabetes Report

Genetic Disease report, Animal Dissection

Immunological disorder report

Content

Supporting Materials

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Dissection Sources